Are you a company operating in Macedonia or assessing business opportunities abroad that involve complex legal issues? As North Macedonia moves closer to the legal systems of the European Union, transformational reforms have been introduced that pose numerous challenges to companies and investors. Our CMS experts have more than ten years' experience in North Macedonia and work in multi-disciplinary teams to support you with an established pool of local and international expert know-how.

Over the past ten years, CMS legal experts have been involved in some of the most significant projects in North Macedonia and have been providing high quality legal advice to some of the biggest players in the region in their operations in North Macedonia.

Our specialist lawyers can guide you through mergers, disposals and capital market transactions as well as advise you in all tax, employment, technology, competition and real estate issues. If you are involved in a dispute, we can support you through the various resolution procedures or litigation action. Present in over 40 countries, we are specialised in finding answers to all your legal challenges, wherever you are based.

Reach out to us via our online contact form or give us a call if you are seeking experienced legal experts to help you successfully grow and expand your North Macedonian business interests. 

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From Skopje International Airport

By taxi
The journey from the Skopje International Airport takes about 25 minutes and costs around MKD 1,200 or approx. EUR 20.

By bus
Buses operate between the airport and the city centre. The journey takes approximately 30 minutes and costs MKD 180 or EUR 3.00. Tickets can be purchased from the booth at the airport and are paid for in the local currency, which can be obtained from exchange offices or ATMs at the airport. The bus stops at the International Bus Station (stopping outside the Zegin pharmacy) and the Holiday Inn hotel. Buses have timed arrivals/departures and leave the airport every day at 01:00; 02:50; 04:30; 09:00; 10:30; 13:30; 15:50; 18:30; and 20:30 hours. The airport bus takes you to the Holiday Inn hotel in the city centre and from there you can take a taxi to our office (for around MKD 120 or EUR 2.00).

By car
The airport is located around 20km from our office. Coming from the airport take the 1st exit at the roundabout. Keep right at the fork and merge onto A1/E75. Merge onto A1/E75. Keep right at the fork, follow signs for Skopje. Continue onto A3. Merge onto A4. Take the exit on the left toward Aleksandar Makedonski Boulevard. Enter the next roundabout and take the first exit onto Belasica. Turn right onto Goce Delcev Boulevard. Turn left onto VMRO Boulevard and continue for 250 metres until you reach Partizanski Odredi Boulevard. The office is on the corner of VMRO Boulevard and Partizanski Odredi Boulevard.

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CMS Reich-Rohrwig Hainz DOOEL Skopje
Bul. Partizanski Odredi Br. 14/2
1000 Skopje
North Macedonia
Directions PDF Open Google Maps


Key out­comes from COP-15
At the end of 2022, the 15th Con­fer­ence of Parties of the United Na­tions Con­ven­tion on Bio­lo­gic­al Di­versity cul­min­ated in a new Glob­al Biod­iversity Frame­work to 2030. Twenty three tar­gets re­quire broad...
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The EPO Ap­peal Board has fur­ther re­fined their view on when pri­or art dis­clos­ures of clin­ic­al tri­al pro­to­cols are an is­sue for pat­entab­il­ity of med­ic­al use claims. De­cision T1806/18 In de­cision T1806/18...
EIOPA re­leases an­nu­al re­port on sanc­tions un­der IDD in 2021
On 20 Decem­ber, the European In­sur­ance and Oc­cu­pa­tion­al Pen­sions Au­thor­ity (EIOPA) re­leased the an­nu­al re­port on sanc­tions im­posed by na­tion­al com­pet­ent au­thor­it­ies un­der the In­sur­ance Dis­tri­bu­tion Dir­ect­ive...
Arm­chair in­ven­tions part 2:  Pre­lim­in­ary opin­ion on plaus­ib­il­ity at the...
The is­sue of plaus­ib­il­ity was pre­vi­ously re­ferred to the En­larged Board of Ap­peal (EBA), the highest ju­di­cial au­thor­ity at the European Pat­ent Of­fice (EPO). Our art­icle on the re­fer­ral can be found here...
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En­ergy Sav­ings Guide
This CMS Guide is de­signed to shine a light on the wide vari­ety of en­ergy sav­ing laws in se­lec­ted CEE coun­tries by ex­plain­ing the most im­port­ant leg­al meas­ures and help­ing you to dis­cov­er where your op­por­tun­it­ies might lie. Polit­ic­al and leg­al frame­work En­ergy trans­form­a­tion re­quires build­ing up new en­ergy sources and that takes time. Sav­ing en­ergy, how­ever, is the quick­est and cheapest way to ad­dress the cur­rent en­ergy crisis, which is mainly caused by Rus­sia’s in­va­sion of Ukraine. Re­du­cing en­ergy con­sump­tion cuts house­holds’ and com­pan­ies’ high en­ergy bills.Build­ing on the “Fit for 55” pack­age of pro­pos­als and com­plet­ing the ac­tions on en­ergy se­cur­ity of sup­ply and stor­age, the European Com­mis­sion’s RE­PowerEU plan put for­ward a set of five ac­tions, the first of which is en­ergy sav­ing. Uni­on law sets forth man­dat­ory sav­ing goals for Mem­ber States but leaves them plenty of lee­way to choose between a vari­ety of meas­ures. Ap­plic­ant coun­tries and many oth­ers have passed en­ergy sav­ings laws and tar­gets too – of­fer­ing ad­di­tion­al flex­ib­il­ity.As a frame­work, the Fit for 55 pack­age and the European Cli­mate Law (REG 2021/1119) sets out a bind­ing, ir­re­vers­ible re­duc­tion of an­thro­po­gen­ic emis­sions. By 2030, 55% of the net GHG (green­house gas) emis­sions com­pared to 1990 must be saved. By 2050, the man­dat­ory net zero emis­sion goal must be achieved.Reg­u­la­tion 2022/1032 re­quires that mem­ber states fill their gas stor­age fa­cil­it­ies to at least 80-90% or that they store at least 35% of their av­er­age an­nu­al con­sump­tion in European stor­age fa­cil­it­ies. Re­du­cing con­sump­tion over the years re­duces the filling ob­lig­a­tion.Since Au­gust 2022, ob­lig­at­ory re­duc­tions in gas con­sump­tion ap­ply to EU mem­ber states (Reg­u­la­tion 2022/1032). The core in­nov­a­tion of this re­gime is the Uni­on alarm that can be triggered by the European Coun­cil if there is a ma­ter­i­al risk of grave gas sup­ply short­ages, ex­traordin­ary gas de­mand or a na­tion­al alarm pur­su­ant to Dir­ect­ive 2017/1938 in at least five Mem­ber States. Once a Uni­on alarm has been triggered and for as long as it re­mains in force, mem­ber states must re­duce their gas con­sump­tion by 15%. There is a par­tial ex­cep­tion if this would oth­er­wise cause an elec­tri­city crisis in the re­spect­ive mem­ber state. However, the steer­ing meas­ures to be taken and wheth­er cer­tain groups of gas con­sumers are gran­ted more fa­vour­able con­di­tions re­main at the mem­ber state’s dis­cre­tion. Re­gard­ing elec­tri­city, Reg­u­la­tion 2022/1854 on an emer­gency in­ter­ven­tion to ad­dress high en­ergy prices aims to re­duce elec­tri­city con­sump­tion by 10% and ease the pres­sure on elec­tri­city prices through rev­en­ue caps. Again, Mem­ber States are free to choose the ap­pro­pri­ate meas­ures to re­duce gross elec­tri­city con­sump­tion and meet the 10% tar­get.Ad­di­tion­al rules ap­ply to the fuel con­sump­tion of trucks or the en­ergy con­sump­tion of dis­trict heat­ing/cool­ing. The CMS Guide The res­ult of these reg­u­la­tions con­cern­ing en­ergy sav­ing has been the in­tro­duc­tion of a wide vari­ety of en­ergy sav­ing laws in in­di­vidu­al states; and many more meas­ures are still to come. This CMS Guide is de­signed to shine a light on these reg­u­la­tions by ex­plain­ing the most im­port­ant leg­al meas­ures and help­ing you to dis­cov­er where your op­por­tun­it­ies might lie. For each jur­is­dic­tion, the guide is struc­tured in­to: (1) a coun­try over­view,  (2) na­tion­al re­lief meas­ures for high en­ergy prices,  (3) na­tion­al/re­gion­al/com­mun­al en­ergy sav­ings meas­ures, and  (4) en­ergy stor­age status and in­cent­ives.The fol­low­ing meas­ures have been chosen by the states rep­res­en­ted in this  guide:  sub­sidies to end-con­sumers (Aus­tria in gen­er­al for en­ergy prices; Croa­tia for gas con­sump­tion), price caps: elec­tri­city (Croa­tia for house­holds, un­der­tak­ings and cer­tain­pub­lic con­sumers; Ukraine for house­holds),re­duced VAT rate (Croa­tia, North Mace­do­nia), tax in­cent­ives to privately store gas (Ukraine); ex­emp­tion from steer­ing meas­ures for privately stor­ing gas (Aus­tria),sub­sidies to com­pensate for high en­ergy prices (Bul­garia and Slov­akia, in Slov­e­nia for en­ter­prises, in Türki­ye for ag­ri­cul­ture) and en­ergy sav­ing meas­ures: (Croa­tia for SMEs); the real­loc­a­tion of EU funds to sup­port en­ergy con­sumers (Slov­akia); sub­sidies for en­ergy stor­age solu­tions (Aus­tria, Bul­garia and Ukraine) or for heat pro­du­cers (Ukraine),en­ergy ef­fi­ciency meas­ures in­cl. di­git­al­isa­tion (Bul­garia),re­duced hours of elec­tri­city or heat­ing sup­ply (North Mace­do­nia) or of gas sup­ply (Slov­akia),re­duc­tion of en­ergy con­sump­tion by the pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tion (Aus­tria, North Mace­do­nia, Slov­e­nia), an­dob­lig­a­tions on gas stor­age op­er­at­ors to feed gas in­to the grid (Aus­tria, Slov­akia) or to sup­ply heat pro­du­cers at pref­er­en­tial prices (Ukraine).re­wards for vol­un­tary re­duc­tion of gas and/or elec­tric en­ergy con­sump­tion (Slov­e­nia)educed per­mit­ting re­quire­ments for PV and wind plants (Türki­ye).
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The United Na­tions has pledged to use its pur­chas­ing fire­power to ac­cel­er­ate sus­tain­ab­il­ity along the health­care sup­ply chan­nel and called on the leg­al sec­tor to sup­port its ef­forts. Law­yers are crit­ic­al...